Dubrovnik is one of the most prominent tourist destinations in the Mediterranean, a seaport and the center of Dubrovnik-Neretva County. In 1979, the city of Dubrovnik joined the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. Unique for its impressive medieval forts, churches, monuments and palaces, Dubrovnik is often called the “pearl of the Adriatic”.
Dubrovnik is among the several best preserved medieval walled cities in the world – its walls run almost 2 km (1.24 mi) around the city. The walls run from four to six meters (13.2 to 19.8 feet) thick on the landward side but are much thinner on the seaward side. The system of turrets and towers were intended to protect the vulnerable city. The walls of Dubrovnik have also been a popular filming site for HBO’s Game Of Thrones, who use the walls as filming location for the fictional city of Kings Landing.
The city boasts of many old buildings. The third oldest European pharmacy, located at the Friars Minor monastery in the city, dates back to 1317 and is the only one still in operation today. The Rectors Palace is a Gothic-Renaissance structure that displays finely-carved capitals and an ornate staircase. The St. Saviour Church is another remnant of the Renaissance period, next to the much-visited Franciscan Monastery. The Franciscan monastery’s library possesses 30,000 volumes, 22 incunabula, 1,500 valuable handwritten documents. Exhibits include a 15th century silver-gilt cross and silver thurible, an 18th century crucifix from Jerusalem, a martyrology (1541) by Bemardin Gucetic and illuminated Psalters. Dubrovnik has a number of churches, monasteries and hotels scattered all over the town. Its coastal belt is adorned with several marinas, piers and promenades. Because of a magnificent view on the mediaeval Dubrovnik, a walk along the town ramparts is a must for each visitor.
One of the main reasons for visiting Dubrovnik is definitely its warm, mild and dry Mediterranean climate. The average annual temperature is 18 degrees Celsius. Dubrovnik has around 260 sunny days per year, and the days without sun are uncommon indeed. With temperatures never falling below zero, snow is exceptionally rare.
Dubrovnik is a place of gastronomic delight, and its life in the open air and Mediterranean style are completed with rich and varied culinary choice – the recipes from the past when time was going by more slowly. Oysters (ostrea edulis) are cultivated in a natural way, and the taste of the sea and sea delicacies has not changed for centuries.
George Bernard Shaw, visited the city in 1929 and said: “If you want to see heaven on earth, come to Dubrovnik.”